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洪荒girl傅园慧这把火烧过了吗?并没有

时间:2018-01-06 作者:admin 浏览数: 

 还记得前段时间奥运会上出彩的那个洪荒girl-傅园慧吗?每每看到她笔者都觉得这个女孩身上充满了正能量,这些参加奥运会的运动员们大多比我们这些中学生大不了多少,但他们勇于拼搏,迎难而上的精神确实值得我们学习,尤其是洪荒girl-傅园慧,它带给我们的不仅是竭尽全力去做好一件事的精神,最重要的是她身上那种乐观,积极向上,参加大赛也能泰然自若,不卑不亢的处世态度。安颖老师认为我们这些每年面临中高考,万人齐过独木桥的中学生们要想在无论大考小考中取得好成绩,无疑也需要这种乐观自信的态度,不能一上考场就紧张,更不能遇到困难就退缩。因此安颖老师今天为大家整理了初中英语中一个比较难的知识板块——非谓语动词,希望同学们可以像傅园慧那样使出自己的洪荒之力,力克难题,一旦学透了,彻底掌握了,你会发现其实并没有想象中那么难哦!Go ahead!每天给自己一个小目标,每天解决一个小问题吧!

  1.定义:动词除在句子中作谓语以外,还具有名词、形容词及副词的性质,在句中可作主语、表语、宾语、定语、状语和补语等,这就是动词的非谓语动词。可分为三种:动词不定式、分词和动名词。

  2.动词不定式:to + 动词原形(在某些情况下可以不带to )。(没有人称和数的变化,可以有自己的宾语和状语,可以有时态和语态的变化)

  ○1 一般式:主动语态:to do , 被动语态:to be + 动词过去分词 (表示动作或状态与谓语动词的动作或状态同时发生或之后发生)

  ○2 进行式:主动语态:to be doing , 被动语态:无 (表示动作或状态与谓语动词的动作或状态同时发生)

  ○3 完成式:主动语态:to have +动词过去分词,被动语态:to have been +动词过去分词 (表示动作或状态在谓语动作之前就发生)

  ○4 用法: A. 作主语:To learn a foreign language is not easy . = It’s not easy to learn a foreign language .

  B. 作表语:The most important thing is to finish the work on time .

  C. 作宾语: a. 动词+to do . He decided to buy a new watch . (agree, choose, want, hope, like, wish, learn, love, plan, try, start, afford …) b. 动词+疑问词+to do I don’t know where to put the bike . c. 动词+形式宾语(it)+宾补+to do I find it important to learn a second foreign language .

  D. 作补语: a. 动词+宾语+to do Tom asked me to show him the new shoes . (tell, wish, ask, want, like, beg, invite, allow, encourage…) b. 动词+宾语+不带to的动词 He often saw Tom play football .(see, hear, feel, watch, notice, have, make, let…)

  E. 作状语: a. 表示目的:He went to Guangzhou to see his sons . He got up early in order to catch the first bus . b. 表示结果:He is too tired to walk any farther . They aren’t old enough to go to school . c. 表示原因:He is sorry to hear that . I am glad to see you .

  F.作定语: I have something to tell you . I want to buy something to eat .

  ○5 动词不定式to 的省略:

  A. 在感官动词feel, hear, see, watch, notice 及使役动词have, let, make等后面要省to,但在变被动语态时要还原不定式to。 teacheray.comI often saw him go out of the room .-------- He was often seen to go out of the room by me .

  B.在had better, would rather, do nothing but等后面常省to。

  ○6 动词不定式的否定形式:not + to do ,有时也可以用-never + to do 结构。

  3.动名词:动词原形+ing 。具有名词、动词一些特征。

  ○1 一般式:主动语态:doing ,被动语态:being + 动词过去分词(表示动作或状态与谓语动词的动作或状态同时发生或之后发生)

  ○2 完成式:主动语态:having +动词过去分词,被动语态:having been +动词过去分词 (表示动作或状态在谓语动词的动作或状态之前就发生)Children enjoy watching animated cartoon . I don’t remember having ever seen the film .

  ○3 动名词的否定形式:not + 动名词(v-ing) I regret not being able to help you .

  ○4 用法: teacheray.com

  A. 作主语: a. 动名词作主语如果太长,可以用形式主语it代替。Learning English is very important .--- It’s very important to learn English . b. No + 动名词表示“禁止”。No smoking, No parking .

  B. 作宾语:He finished doing his homework .

  C. 作表语:His favourite sport is playing basketball .

  D. 作定语:shopping basket, finishing line . (表明名词的用途、功能等)

  E. 动名词的复合结构:名词所有格、形容词物主代词+动名词。Do you mind my / Wei Fang’s opening the window ?

  4.分词:动词原形+ing 。具有形容词、副词和动词一些特征。(可分为现在分词、过去分词)

  现在分词

  ○1 一般式:主动语态:doing ,被动语态:being + 动词过去分词(表示动作或状态与谓语动词的动作或状态同时发生)

  ○2 完成式:主动语态:having +动词过去分词,被动语态:having been +动词过去分词 (表示动作或状态在谓语动词的动作或状 态之前就发生)

  ○3 动名词的否定形式:not + 动名词(v-ing) No understanding the meaning of the words, he couldn’t explain the sentence .

  ○4 用法:

  A. 作表语。The result is surprising .

  B. 作定语。Developing country (主谓关系) sleeping boy (boy 所做的动作)

  C. 作状语。Passing by the house, he saw a girl playing the piano . = when he was passing by the house , he saw a girl playing the piano .

  D. 作宾补。I found him lying on the grass.

  过去分词

  ○1 形式:规则动词+ed,和不规则动词的过去分词。

  ○2 过去分词的否定形式:not + 动词过去分词。

  ○3 用法:

  A. 作表语:My bike is broken . He is very worried .

  B. 作定语:developed country, fallen leaves, spoken English .

  C. 作状语:Asked why he was absent, he said he was ill . = When he was asked why he was absent, he said he was ill .

  D. 作宾补:You had better have your shoes mended . I had my hair cut yesterday .


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